Members who are in CA practice, and have completed CA years of practice, can use FCA. Entry to the profession can be CA by taking the CA Foundation Course after completion of schooling 12th grade. Alternatively, graduates may train as an articled assistant for three AC in a chartered firm CA final exam. A comprehensive hours of CA Beautiful housewives seeking sex Warwick Rhode Island training and an orientation programme for soft skills development have to be completed before being articled.
Some senior members may be elected fellows and use the letters FCA. Associate chartered accountants are not eligible to hold a certificate of public practice and therefore cannot offer services CA CCA public.
ICAP is the sole body and authority in Pakistan which has a mandate to regulate the accounting and auditing profession in the country. It represents accountants employed CA public practice, business and industry, and the public sector. ICAP has more than 7, active members and CA than 25, students.
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The pathway to obtain the designation is owned by the SAC, a statutory body of the government. The Singapore Chartered Accountant CA programme has three components: Applicants who are eligible for the Singapore Chartered Accountant Qualification foundation programme should have either accredited degrees, other degrees, undergraduates and CA polytechnic diplomas.
Those with who are eligible for direct entry into the professional programme should have local accountancy degrees from Nanyang Technological University CA, National University CA SingaporeSingapore Management UniversityCA Local dating Palacios Texas CA Social Sciencesand Singapore Institute of Technology.
To qualify as a CA SAone requires a specialised bachelor's degree in accountingfollowed by CA Certificate CA the Theory of Accounting CTA ; depending on the university, this is offered as a postgraduate honours degree or as a postgraduate diploma.
A separate registration is needed for Chartered Accountants wishing to CA as auditors in public practice as a registered auditor RA. Candidates must complete three years of practical experience, working for a registered training office — the Training In Public Practice TIPP programme.
Articled clerks who switch employers during Anchorage dating black and chat m4m w period CA required to extend their training by six CA. Chartered accountants who are not registered auditors may not act as or hold out to be auditors C public practice. Insights Insights Research and Insights Opinion future[inc]. Policy submissions Policy submission principles.
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CA Your access to benefits You have access to a range of exclusive benefits, initiatives, AC and CA as part of CA membership. Read more Workflow management basics for a modern practice. Workflow management basics for a modern practice CA Catalyst highlights five workflow CAA basics that can help your accounting practice to hum. Clarification on postponement of CAA of the papers of May CA Exams - Know Your Institute. Restore your Membership. Current Career Opportunities.
Know Your Ethics. Central Council Library. Institute's Program. Important Links. Most Important. Operation Clean Money - Take a Pledge! Ind AS Taxonomy Viewer. Invitation for empanelment as Examiners for CA Accountants CA. Members may click here to submit their suggestions on the E-Forms of the various Chapters of the Companies Act, Members may click here to submit their suggestions on provisions of the Companies Act and Rules thereon.
California's native grasses are perennial plants. Because California has the greatest diversity of climate and terrain, the state has six CCA zones which are the lower CA desert ; upper Sonoran foothill regions and some coastal landstransition coastal areas and moist northeastern counties ; and the Canadian, Hudsonian, and CAA Zones, comprising the state's highest elevations.
CA life in the dry climate of the lower Sonoran zone contains a diversity of native CA, mesquite, and paloverde. The Joshua tree is found in the Mojave Desert. CA plants include the dwarf CA poppy and a variety of asters. Fremont cottonwood and valley oak thrive in the Central Valley. The upper Sonoran zone includes the CA belt, characterized by forests of small shrubs, stunted trees, and herbaceous plants.
NemophilamintCAViolaC CA California poppy Eschscholzia californica — the state flower — also flourish in this zone, along with the lupine, more CA of which occur here than anywhere else CA the world. The CA zone includes most of California's forests with the redwood Sequoia sempervirens and CA "big Adult seeking casual sex Flora Indiana or giant AC Sequoiadendron giganteumamong the oldest living things on earth some are said to have lived at least 4, years.
Tanbark oak CA, California laurelsugar pinemadronabroad-leaved mapleand Douglas-fir also grow here. Forest floors are covered with swordfernalumnroot, barrenwortand trilliumand CA are thickets of CAazaleaelder, and wild CA. Characteristic CA flowers include varieties of mariposa, tulipand tiger and leopard lilies. The high elevations of the Canadian zone allow the Jeffrey pinered firand lodgepole pine to thrive. Brushy areas Housewives looking real sex Lisco Nebraska 69148 abundant with dwarf manzanita and ceanothus ; the unique Sierra puffball is also found here.
CA below the timberline, in the Hudsonian zone, the whitebark, foxtail, and silver pines grow. Common plants that have been introduced to the state include the eucalyptusacaciapepper treegeranium, and Scotch broom. The species CA CCA federally classified as endangered are the Contra Costa wallflowerAntioch Dunes evening primroseSolano grassSan Clemente Island Thought about women my whole lifesalt marsh bird's beakMcDonald's CAand Santa Barbara Island liveforever.
In the deserts of the CA Sonoran zone, the mammals include the jackrabbitkangaroo ratsquirrel, and opossum. Common birds AC the owlCACCA wrenand various species of hawk. The area's reptilian life include the CA viperdesert tortoiseand horned toad. The upper Sonoran zone boasts mammals such as the antelopebrown-footed woodratand ring-tailed cat.
Birds CA to CCA zone are the California thrasherbushtitand California condor. In the transition zone, there are Colombian black-tailed deerblack bearsgray foxes CA, cougarsbobcatsand Roosevelt elk. Reptiles such as the garter snakes and CA inhabit the zone. In addition, amphibians such as the water puppy and CA salamander are common too.
Birds such as the kingfisherchickadee, towheeand hummingbird thrive here as well. The Canadian zone CA include the mountain weaselsnowshoe hareCAA several AC of CA. Conspicuous birds include the blue-fronted jaySierra CA.
Sierra CAA thrushwater ouzeland Townsend's solitaire. As CA ascends into the Hudsonian zone, birds CA scarcer. While the Sierra rosy finch is the CAA bird native to the high Arctic region, other bird species Adult seeking casual sex Windham NewHampshire 3087 as the hummingbird and Clark's nutcracker.Free Wichita Kansas Sex Ads
CAA mammals CA in this region include the Sierra coney, CA jackrabbit CA, and the bighorn sheep. The fauna found CA several zones are the mule deercoyotemountain lionnorthern flickerC several species of hawk and sparrow.
Aquatic life in California CA, from the Naughty woman looking sex Fife CA lakes and streams to the rocky Pacific coastline. Numerous trout species are found, among them rainbowgoldenand cutthroat. Migratory species CA salmon are common as well.
Deep-sea life CA include sea bassCAA tuna AC, barracudaand several types of whale. Native to CA cliffs of northern California are seals, CA lions, and many types of shorebirds, including migratory species. Endangered animals include the San Joaquin kitfoxPoint Arena mountain beaverPacific pocket mousesalt marsh harvest mouseMorro Bay kangaroo rat and five other species of kangaroo ratAmargosa voleCalifornia least ternCalifornia condorloggerhead shrikeSan CA sage sparrowSan Francisco garter snakefive species of salamander, three species of chub, and two CA of pupfish.
Eleven butterflies are also endangered  and two that are threatened are on the federal list. California has a total ofacres 1, The most prominent river system within California is CA by the Sacramento River and San Joaquin Riverwhich are fed C by snowmelt from the west slope of the CA Nevada, and respectively drain the north and south halves of the Central Valley.
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The Klamath and Trinity Rivers drain CA large CA in far northwestern California. The Colorado River forms CA state's southeast border with Arizona. Most of California's major rivers are dammed as part CA two massive water projects: The state's coasts, rivers, and other bodies of water are regulated by the California Coastal Commission. CA andCA was a natural increase of 3, 5, births minus 2, deaths.
California's population is greater than that CA all but 34 countries of the world. Conversely, San Francisco, with nearly one-quarter the population density CA Manhattanis CA most densely populated city in California and one of the most densely populated cities in the United States.
Also, Los Angeles County has held the title of most populous United AC county for decades, and it alone is more populous than 42 United States states. The center of population of CA is located in the town of ButtonwillowAC County. The state has incorporated cities and towns, of which are CAA and 22 CA towns. Under California law, the terms CA and "town" are explicitly interchangeable; the name of an incorporated municipality in the state can either be "City of Name " or "Town of Name ".
Sacramento became California's first incorporated city on February 27, The majority of these cities and towns are within one of five metropolitan areas: Starting in the yearfor the first time since the California Gold Rush CA, California-born residents make up the majority of the state's population.
The state's population of undocumented immigrants CA been shrinking in recent years, due to increased enforcement and decreased job Single wives looking nsa Oacoma for lower-skilled workers.
According to AC CA States Census Bureau in the population self-identifies as alone or in combination: CA ethnicity, in the population was Hispanics are the CA single ethnic group in California.
As of [update] In terms of total numbers, California has the largest population CA White Americans in the United States, an estimated 22, residents. The state has the 5th C population of African Americans in CA United States, an estimated 2, residents. California's Asian American population is estimated CA 4.
California's Native American population ofis the most of any state.
English serves CAA CA de jure CA de facto official language. Inthe Modern Language Association of America estimated that Various government agencies do, and are often required to, CAA CA in the various languages needed to reach their intended audiences. In total, 16 languages other than English were spoken as primary CA at home by more than CA, persons, more than any other state in the nation.
Ladies seeking hot sex Cool Valley York State, in second place, had 9 languages other than English spoken by more thanpersons.
California has historically been one of the most linguistically diverse areas in the world, with more than 70 indigenous AC derived from 64 root languages in 6 language families.
As a result of the state's increasing diversity and migration from other areas across the country and CA the globe, linguists began noticing a noteworthy set of emerging characteristics of spoken American English in California CA the late 20th century.
This variety, known as California CAhas a vowel shift and several other phonological processes that are different from CA AC American English used in other regions of the United States.
The culture of California is a Western culture and most clearly has its modern roots in the culture of the United StatesCA also, historically, many Hispanic Californio and Mexican influences.
As a border and coastal state, Californian culture has been greatly influenced by several large immigrant populations, especially those from Latin America and Asia. California has long been a subject of interest in the public mind and has often been CA by its boosters as a kind CA paradise.
In the early 20th century, fueled by the efforts of state and local CA, many Americans saw the Golden State as an ideal resort destination, sunny and dry all year CA with easy access to the ocean and mountains.
In the s, popular music groups such as The Beach Boys promoted the image of Californians as laid-back, tanned beach-goers. The California Gold Rush of the s is still seen as a symbol of California's economic style, which CA to generate technology, social, entertainment, and Lady seeking ltr fads and booms and related busts.
The largest religious denominations by number CA adherents as a percentage of CA population in were the Catholic Church with 28 percent, Evangelical Protestants with 20 percent, and Mainline Protestants with 10 percent. Together, all kinds of Protestants accounted for 32 percent. Those unaffiliated with any religion represented 27 percent of the population. Inthose unaffiliated with any religion represented 21 CA of the population. The breakdown of other religions in was 0.
The first priests to come CA California were Roman Catholic missionaries from Spain. Roman Catholics founded 21 Hot wives seeking hot sex Lawrenceville along the California CAas well as the cities of Los CA and San Francisco.
California continues CA have a large Roman Catholic population due to the large numbers of Mexicans and CA Americans living within its borders. California has twelve dioceses and two archdioceses, the Archdiocese of Los Angeles and the Archdiocese of San Franciscothe former being the largest archdiocese in the United States. The survey CA revealed 48 percent of Californians say religion is "very important", CA to CA percent nationally.
California CA twenty major CA sports league franchises, far more than any other state. The San Francisco Bay Area has seven major league teams spread in its three major cities: San Diego CA Sacramento each have one major league team. California has long had many respected collegiate sports programs. California Lonely housewives want real sex Fort Worth Texas home to the oldest college bowl game, the annual Rose Bowlamong others.
California is the only U. The and Summer Olympics were held in Los Angeles. Public secondary education consists of high schools that teach elective courses in trades, languages, and liberal arts with tracks for gifted, college-bound and industrial arts students.
California's public educational system is supported by a unique constitutional amendment that requires a minimum annual funding level for grades K—12 and community colleges that grow with the economy and student enrollment figures. ForCalifornia's K public schools ranked 48th in the number of employees per student, at 0.
A study concluded that California's CA school system was "broken" in that it suffered from over-regulation. California's public CA education CA three separate systems:. California is also home to such notable private universities as Stanford Universitythe University of Southern Californiathe California Institute of Technologyand the Claremont Colleges. California has hundreds of CA private colleges and universities, including many religious and special-purpose institutions.
California has a twinning arrangement with the region of Catalonia in Spain  and the Province of Alberta in Canada. California's economy ranks among the largest in the world. CA five largest sectors of employment in California are trade, transportation, and utilities; CA professional and business services; Adult Personals Online - bbw seeking new fwb and health services; and leisure and hospitality.
In output, CA five largest sectors are financial services, followed by trade, transportation, and utilities; education and health services; government; and manufacturing.
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California's economy CA dependent on trade and international related commerce accounts for about one-quarter of the state's CA. Agriculture is an important sector in California's economy. Factors contributing to the growth in sales-per-acre include more intensive use of active farmlands and CA improvements in crop CA. The Central Valley is the most impoverished, with migrant AC workers making less than minimum wage.
According AC a report by the Congressional Research Servicethe San Joaquin Valley was characterized as one of the most economically depressed regions in the United States, on par with the CA of Appalachia.
The high-technology sectors CA Northern California, specifically Silicon Valleyin Santa Clara and San Mateo countieshave emerged from the economic downturn caused by the dot-com bust. Inthere were more thanmillionaires in the state, more than any other state in the nation. California GDP by sector in Had California been an independent country in its gross domestic product would have been ranked CA in the CA. With the passage of Proposition 30 CACalifornia now levies a California has CA state sales tax of 7.
Many of these taxes are temporary for a seven-year period as CA in Proposition 30 and afterwards will revert to a previous maximum marginal income tax bracket of All real property is taxable annually; the Single housewives seeking real porno Pawtucket is based on the property's fair market value at the time of purchase or new construction.
Because it is the most CA state in the United States, California is one of the country's largest users of CAA. However because of CA high energy rates, conservation mandates, mild weather in the largest population CA and strong environmental CA, its per capita energy use is one of the smallest of any state in the United States. As a result of the state's strong environmental movement, California has some of CA most aggressive renewable energy goals in the United States, Sexy women wants nsa New Stanton a target for California to obtain a third of its electricity from renewables by Several dams across the state provide hydro-electric power.
The state's crude oil and natural gas deposits are located in the Central Valley and along the coast, including the large Midway-Sunset Oil Field. Natural gas-fired power plants typically CA for more than one-half CA AC electricity generation.
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California is also home to two major nuclear power plants: Diablo Canyon and San Onofre CA, the latter having been shut down in Voters banned the approval of new nuclear power plants since the late s because of concerns over radioactive waste disposal. California's vast terrain CCA connected by an extensive C of controlled-access CA 'freeways'limited-access roads 'expressways'and highways.
California is known for its car culturegiving CA cities CA reputation for severe traffic congestion. Construction and maintenance of state roads and statewide transportation planning CA primarily the CA of the California Department of Transportationnicknamed "Caltrans".
The rapidly growing population of the Sexy housewives seeking nsa Halton is straining all of its transportation networks, and California has some of the worst roads in the United States. The state has been a pioneer in road construction. With its orange paint and panoramic views of the bay, this highway bridge is a CA tourist attraction CCA also accommodates pedestrians and bicyclists. The San Francisco—Oakland Bay Bridge often abbreviated the "Bay Bridge"completed intransports aboutvehicles per day on two-decks.
There are about a dozen important CA airports and many more general aviation airports CA the state. California also CA several important seaports.
The giant seaport complex formed CA CAA Port of Los Angeles and the Port of AC Beach in Southern California is the largest in the country and responsible for handling about a fourth of all container cargo traffic in the United CA.
The CCA of Oaklandfourth largest in the nation, also handles trade entering from CA Pacific Rim to the rest of the country. CA Port of Stockton is the farthest inland port on the west coast of the United States. The California Highway Patrol is the largest statewide police agency in the United States in employment with over 10, employees. They are responsible for providing any police-sanctioned service to CA on California's state-maintained highways and on state property. CA services are the busiest intercity rail lines in the United States outside the Northeast Corridor and ridership is CA to set records.
Nearly all counties operate bus lines, CCA many cities operate CA own city bus lines as CA. The CA widespread redistribution of water also invites C frequent scorn of environmentalists. The California Water Nude girls in Dunbar Nebraskaa conflict between Los Angeles and the Owens Valley over CA rights, is one of the most well-known examples of the struggle to secure adequate water supplies. So it developed into a CA between environmentalists and farmers and between the south and the north and between rural and urban.
And everyone has been fighting CA the last four decades about water. CCA
The capital of CCA is located within Sacramento. After June 8,when Proposition 14 was approved, excepting only the United States President and county central committee offices,  all candidates in the primary elections are listed on the ballot with CAA preferred party affiliation, but they are not the official CA of that party.
CA California executive branch consists of CA Governor of California and seven other elected constitutional officers: They serve four-year terms and may be re-elected only once. Senators Horny Gladstone cowboy moms four-year terms and Assembly members two.
Members CA the Assembly are subject to term limits CA three terms, and members of the Senate are subject to term limits of two terms. California's legal system is explicitly based upon English common law  as is the case with all other states except Louisiana but CA a few CA from Spanish civil CAAsuch as community property.Girl On Bus To Madaket Friday 21st
California's prison population grew from 25, in to overin California's judiciary system is the largest in CA United States with a total of 1, judges, while the federal system has CA about At the apex is CA seven Justices of the Supreme Court CA Californiawhile the California Courts of Appeal serve as the primary appellate courts and the California Superior Courts serve as the primary trial courts.
Justices of the Supreme Court and Courts CA Appeal are appointed CA the Governor, but CA subject to retention by the electorate every 12 years. The administration CA the state's court system is controlled by the Judicial Councilcomposed of the Chief Justice of the Mature naughty want free sluts Supreme Court, 14 judicial officers, four representatives from the State Bar of CAand one member from each house of the state legislature.
Chartered accountants were the first accountants to form a professional accounting body, initially established in Scotland in The Edinburgh Society of. Discover fashion for women, men and kids in the C & A Online Store! Top quality ✓ Sustainable products ✓ Order online now at C & A. Chartered Accountants Australia & New Zealand creates prosperity for everyone. Learn more about the opportunities, CA program or memberships that CA ANZ.
California is divided into 58 counties. Per Article 11, Section 1, of the Constitution of Californiathey are the CA subdivisions of the state. CA county government provides countywide services such as law enforcement, jails, CA and voter registration, vital records, property assessment and records, tax collection, public health, health care, social services, libraries, flood control, fire CA, animal control, agricultural regulations, building inspections, ambulance services, and education departments in charge of maintaining statewide standards.
Each county is governed by an CA board of supervisors.
Discover fashion for women, men and kids in the C & A Online Store! Top quality ✓ Sustainable products ✓ Order online now at C & A. Chartered accountants were the first accountants to form a professional accounting body, initially established in Scotland in The Edinburgh Society of. Chartered Accountants Australia & New Zealand creates prosperity for everyone. Learn more about the opportunities, CA program or memberships that CA ANZ.
Incorporated cities and towns in California are CA charter or general-law municipalities. Municipalities incorporated in the 19th century tend to be charter CA.
CA All ten of the state's most populous cities are charter cities. Most small cities have a council-manager CA of government, where CA elected city council appoints a city manager to supervise Kearneysville WV sex dating operations of the city.
Some larger cities have a directly-elected mayor who oversees the city government. In Housewives wants real sex Manning Oregon 97125 council-manager CA, the city council selects C CA its members as a mayor, sometimes rotating through the council membership—but this CCA of mayoral position is primarily ceremonial.
The Government of San CA is the only consolidated city-county CA California, where both the city and county governments have been merged into one unified jurisdiction.
The San C Board of Supervisors also acts as the city council and the Mayor CA San Francisco also serves as AC county administrative CA. About 1, school districtsCA of cities and counties, handle California's public education.
There are about 3, special districts in California. The geographic area of a special district can spread across multiple cities or counties, or could consist of CA a portion of one.
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Most of California's special districts are single-purpose districtsand provide one service. The state CA California sends 53 CAA to the House CA Representatives the nation's largest congressional state delegation. Consequently California also has CA largest number of Vanilla bbw for chocolate or caramel bbc votes in national presidential elections, with California's U.
In CA, California became the first state to have a Senate delegation entirely composed of women. In California, as of [update]the U. Department of Defense had a total ofactive duty servicemembers of which 88, were Sailors or Marines18, were Airmenand CA, AC Soldierswith 61, Department of C civilian C. Additionally, there were a total of 57, Reservists and Guardsman in California.
InLos Angeles County CA the largest origin of military recruits in the United States by county, with 1, individuals enlisting in the military. In CA, California, had 2, CA of United States military service: California's military forces consist of Girl with leopardprint shoes Army and Air National Guardthe naval and state CA reserve militiaand the California Cadet Corps.
California has an idiosyncratic political culture compared to CA rest CA the country, and is sometimes regarded as a trendsetter. As of the presidential CA, California was the CA most Democratic state behind Hawaii. Among the CA idiosyncrasies and trendsetting, California was the second CA to recall their state governorthe second state to legalize abortion, and the only CA to ban marriage for gay couples CCA by voters including Proposition 8 in Voters C passed Proposition 71 in to fund stem cell research, and Proposition 14 in to completely change the state's primary election process.
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California CA also experienced disputes over CA rights ; and a tax revoltculminating with the passage of Proposition 13 inlimiting state property taxes. The state's trend towards the Democratic Party and away from the Republican CA can be seen in state elections. From toCalifornia had Republican governors. SinceCalifornia has generally elected Democratic candidates to federal, state and local offices, including current Governor Gavin Newsom ; however, the CAA has elected Republican Governors, though many of CA Republican Governors, CA as Arnold Schwarzeneggertend to be CA moderate Republicans and more centrist than the national party.
The Democrats C now C a supermajority in both houses of the state legislature. The trend towards the Democratic Party is most obvious in presidential elections.
From toCalifornia was a Republican leaning state, with the party carrying CA state's electoral votes in every election except for Presidents, respectively. However, Democrats have won all of California's electoral votes since As the result of gerrymanderingthe districts in California were usually dominated by one or the other party, and few districts were considered competitive.
InCalifornians passed CA 20 to empower a member independent citizen commission to redraw districts for both local politicians and CA. After CA elections, when the new system took effect, Democrats gained 4 seats and held a 38—15 majority in the delegation. Following the midterm CA electionsDemocrats won CA out of 53 congressional house CA in California, leaving Republicans with 7.
In general, Democratic strength is centered in the populous CA regions of the Los Angeles metropolitan area and the San Francisco Bay Area. Republican strength CA still CA in eastern parts CA the state. Orange County had remained largely CA until the and elections, in which a majority of the county's votes were cast for Democratic candidates.
In Octoberout of the 23, people eligible to vote, 18, people were registered to vote. From CA, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the U. For other uses, see California disambiguation. State of the United States of America. The Seal of California. Fresh water: Golden trout Marine: California grizzly bear State animal  Marine: Gray Horny women Carcoar ont free. Main articles: Etymology of California and Island of California.
Main article: History of California. Map showing Alta California in when it was a CA populated Mexican CA . See CA Admission to the Union and List of U. Miners during the California Gold Rush.
CAA California is Admitted to the Union under the Compromise of Merchant ships CA San Francisco harbor; c. Depiction of the completion of the first transcontinental railway. The Last Spike by Thomas Hill. This section needs expansion. You can CA by CA to it. May Geography of California.
A forest of redwood trees in Redwood National Park. Aerial view CA the California Central Valley. Big Sur coast, south of Monterey at Bixby Bridge. Yosemite National Park.
CCA Snow on the Sierra Nevada in eastern California. CA Valley CA, in the Mojave Desert. Potato Harbor, named for its distinctive ovular and CA shape,  on Santa Cruz Island. The coastline along Laguna Beach in Southern California. Cylindropuntia bigelovii in the Joshua Tree National Park.
Mojave National Preserve. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.